Week 3 Posts

The Bolshevik

  What was the relative importance of immediate events, long-term social and economic developments, the crisis in political authority, and the stresses of the war to the revolutions of February and October, 1917? Weak and changing political authority combined with growing unrest in citizens and a war to fight, is enough to topple any state […]

13 Days Difference

On February 14th, 1918, Soviet leadership reconstituted an entity greater than politics or economics or society- they altered time. The Council of People’s Commissars, or Sovnarkom, was the governing body that made this decision to switch from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar … Continue reading

Political Authority Crisis Continued: Constituent Assembly

After the October Revolution in 1917, the very first constitutional body to organize in Russia was the Constituent Assembly. One of the most popular demands to emerge from the Revolution, the Constituent Assembly is widely-regarded as the first democratically-elected legislative … Continue reading

Changing of the Guard: World War 1 and the Soviet Revolutions

It is undeniable that there were many contributing factors to the Russian revolutions of February and October 1917.  Social unrest and political impotence certainly were the downfall of the Romanov dynasty and the Russian autocracy, however the catalyst for the Revolutions of 1917 was most-definitely the First World War. In order to understand the revolutions(…)

Social Women: This one’s for the girls

“The Liberation of Women Workers is the affair of the Women themselves!” – N. Lenin In the years after the 1917 Revolution, the Bolsheviks began a new war, one that targeted the old society which had been based on oppression, … Continue reading

New Economic Policy

On November 7th, 1917, Vladimir Lenin led the Bolshevik party takeover in Russia, thus starting the creation of the socialist state. Vladimir Lenin aimed at creating a Marxist communist utopia. Lenin promised liberation of oppressed workers and peasants, equality, advancement, … Continue reading

Образование масс

With the revolution in February, the socialist youth movement emerged out of young workers throughout Russia. They pushed for more education opportunities and education for everyone. This youth movement join with the Bolsheviks Party and they helped to create policies … Continue reading

July Days

The removal of the autocracy of Imperial Russia left a massive power vacuum that had to be filled. The differing goals and ideologies of the replacement governments meant that violence and disorder were tearing Russia apart. In 1917, a stage was set in Pretrograd (St. Petersburg) as disgruntled soldiers and industrial workers had finally had enough with […]

” All around me there is treachery, cowardice, and deceit. ” The Abdication of Nicholas II

                                                                                 Image of Nicholas II’s Decree of Abdiction, March 17th 1917 By the morning of March 17th, 1917 the Russian Social-Democratic Party had finally forced the hand of the Tsar. After staying the night in Pskov, away from the riots that had overtaken many cities in Russia, Nicholas II came to decision that only his(…)